Scientific Research and Scientific Dissemination Projects
Master's Program in Neuroengineering
The Master's program in Neuroengineering, recognized and recommended by the Technical and Scientific Council (CTC) of CAPES, was another initiative of AASDAP to strengthen scientific education, and it was the first graduate program in neuroengineering in Brazil. Since 2014, the coordination of this program has been carried out by the Santos Dumont Institute (ISD).
Walk Again Project
The Project, financed by FINEP, was effective between 2012 and 2019. and was carried together with Association for Assistance of Disabled Children – AACD (Brazil); BIA Turnkey Systems, Paris (France); Brain-Machine Interface Institute of Science and Technology – INCeMaq (Brazil); Cardinal Hill Rehabilitation Hospital, Health Care Kentucky University, (USA); Colorado State University (USA); Duke Immersive Virtual Environment, Duke University (USA); Duke University Center for Neuroengineering (USA); École Superieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielles de La Ville de Paris (France); Edmond and Lily Safra International Institute of Neuroscience of Natal – IIN-ELS (Brazil); International Neuroscience Network Foundation (INNF); Laboratoire de Systèmes Robotiques, École Polytechnique Féderale de Lausanne - EPFL (Switzerland); Neuroprosthetic Center at École Polytechnique Féderale de Lausanne - EPFL (Switzerland); Robotics, Autonomous Systems, and Controls Laboratory, UCDavis, (USA); Robotics Group at ATR Laboratories of Kioto (Japan); Technical University of Berlin (Germany) and Technical University of Munich (Germany).
The Walk Again Project was created in order to develop the first exoskeleton controlled by the human brain to restore gait in individuals affected by paralysis. The feasibility of this exoskeleton was demonstrated at the opening ceremony of the World Cup in Brazil in 2014, when one of the volunteers of the research performed the inaugural kick. After the development of the exoskeleton, the research continued, focusing on the investigation of an unpublished protocol of neurorehabilitation for persons with spinal cord injury. For more details on this project, click here.
Brain-Machine Interface Institute of Science and Technology (INCeMaq).
Project under the Program of National Science and Technology Institutes of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq/MCT), focused on the research on the Brain-Machine Interface (BMI). The project was effective from 2009 to 2017 and had resources from CNPq and FAPERN.
The research lines developed in INCeMaq were: Brain-Machine Interface – development and biocompatibility of multielectrode matrices, decoding of the activity of neuronal populations and generation of commands for devices;
Spinal Cord Neuromodulation – development of epidural stimulation electrodes; behavioral, electrophysiological, and immunohistochemical evaluation of the effects of the stimulation.
Among the studies carried out under the INCeMaq, we can mention the first technological development activities of the Walk Again Project.
In addition to the basic and applied research on BMI, INCeMaq also had a program of scientific initiation for high school students of the public schools of Natal and Macaíba, named Scientists of the Future. The Program of Scientists of the Future provided activities with scientific content at the science frontier and allowed the insertion of 54 students in the practice of data collection and interpretation, in the discussion, and in the application of solutions in real challenges. The activities of the Project of Scientists of the Future are described in the photo book.
1st CAPES and IINN-ELS / UFRN Summer School
The 1st CAPES and IINN-ELS / UFRN Summer School was an initiative of researchers from AASDAP and professors of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) with resources from the Program of School of Higher Studies of CAPES and AASDAP to promote the scientific-cultural exchange of students enrolled in Master's and Doctorate programs.
The School was held from July 1 to August 29, 2008 at the Research Center of AASDAP, located in Macaíba, RN, Brazil. There, nine courses were offered, taught by 23 renowned neuroscientists:
Dr. Alan Rudolph – Adlyfe Inc., USA
Dr. Gordon Cheng – ATR International, Japan
Memory and Learning
Dr. Susan Sara – Collège de France
Dr. Jan Born – University of Luebeck, Germany
Dr. Federico Bermudez-Rattoni – Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
Dr. Rick Lin – University of Mississippi, USA
Dr. David Spray – AECOM, Yeshiva University, USA
Dr. Evan Evans - UBC, Canadá / Boston University, USA
Dr. Claudio Mello - OHSU, EUA
Dra. Constance Scharff – FU-Berlin / Max Planck, Germany
Dr. Asif Ghazanfar - Princeton University, USA
Dr. Marshall Shuler – Johns Hopkins University, USA
Dra. Anna Nobre – University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Dr. Mariano Sigman – Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Dr. Sidney Simon - Duke University, USA
Dr. Yves Frégnac – INAF, CNRS, France
Dr. Pedro Maldonado – Universidad de Chile, Chile
Dr. Horacio de la Iglesia – University of Washington, USA
Dr. Mikhail Lebedev – Duke University, USA
Dr. Gabriel Mindlin - Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Dr. Erika Fanselow – University of Pittsburgh, EUA
Development and Neurotherapy
Dr. Jean Rossier – École Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles, France
Dr. Manuel Kukuljan – Universidad de Chile, Chile
Fifty graduate students from several Brazilian states were selected to participate in all classes of the School, with the expenses borne by the initiative. All federal and state universities in Brazil were invited to participate in the online broadcast of the Summer School. The interested universities received a password, which ensured the transmission of the lectures and the interaction by chat with professors in real time. Access to the lectures in real time was also open to the public. Lectures were broadcast in English (original) and Portuguese (simultaneous interpretation). During the two months of the event, the School's website received 611 registrations for access to the broadcasts, and it was accessed 11,967 times.
Second Symposium in Neuroscience of the International Institute of Neurosciences of Natal
The Second Symposium in Neuroscience of the International Institute of Neurosciences of Natal was held from February 23 to 25, 2007 at Hotel Sehrs in Natal, Brazil. The Symposium was attended by 666 registered and renowned neuroscientists from around the world who presented the advances in brain research, from the molecular and cellular levels to the neurobiology of systems, behavior, and neuroengineering. To access the Annals of the Second Symposium click here.
During this Symposium, the partnership between AASDAP and the Edmond J. Safra Philanthropic Foundation was announced and the name of the International Institute of Neurosciences of Natal (IINN) was changed to International Institute of Neurosciences of Natal – Edmond and Lily Safra (IINN-ELS).
Dopaminergic regulation of REM sleep / Corticostriatal mechanisms underlying dopamine-related motor dysfunction
Projects developed at the Rio Grande do Norte Research Centers in a partnership between AASDAP and the Edmond J. Safra Foundation.
Resources from the Edmond J. Safra Foundation enabled the implementation and maintenance of specialized spaces for research on Parkinson's disease at the Natal Research Center (vivarium of wild and DAT-KO mice, Parkinson's disease model, molecular biology laboratory, and surgical center for mice) and the Macaíba Research Center (vivarium of primates, equipment for surgery, and experimentation of Parkinson's disease models), as well as the acquisition of equipment and consumables needed for these studies.
Taste sensitivity according to genotype and metabotype.
A project conducted at the Laboratory of AASDAP within the Institute of Studies and Research of the Sírio Libanês Hospital, as part of an international scientific collaboration between Duke University, AASDAP, and EPFL, coordinated by the International Neuroscience Network Foundation (INNF) and fostered by the Nestle Research Center.
The project was effective between 2007 and 2011. As part of the scientific collaboration, AASDAP carried out medical evaluation, psychogenetic taste tests, and urine and blood collection of the research participants.
Neurotechnological Center Focused on Interfaces: Brain-Machine, Learning, Sleep, and Language
Project supported by FINEP, effective between 2006 and 2012, with participation of AASDAP, UFRN, and the Sírio Libanês Hospital.
This agreement contributed to the implementation of the first AASDAP Research Center in Natal through the acquisition of equipment and consumables that enabled biocompatibility studies for brain-machine interfaces, immunohistochemistry in rodents and nonhuman primates, learning, sleep, and language. In partnership with UFRN, experimental animal behavioral and neuroanatomy studies were performed. In partnership with HSL, a study was carried out to test electrodes in the brain of patients with Parkinson's disease for the treatment of motor disorders.